Hepatitis C is a liver disease triggered by the hepatitis C virus: the virus can cause both chronic and acute hepatitis, going in seriousness from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, permanent illness.
The hepatitis C virus is a bloodborne virus and the most common modes of infection are through exposure to small quantities of blood. This may happen through injection drug use, unsafe injection practices, unsafe health care, and the transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products.
All over the world, an estimated 71 million people have chronic hepatitis C infection.
A substantial number of those who are chronically affected will get cirrhosis or liver cancer.
Approximately 399 000 people die each year from hepatitis C, normally from cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.
Antiviral drugs can cure greater than 95% of persons with hepatitis C infection, thus reducing the danger of death from liver cancer and cirrhosis, but availability to diagnosis and treatment is low.
There is presently no vaccine for hepatitis C; however research in this field is continuous.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes both acute and chronic infection. Acute HCV infection is typically asymptomatic, and is only very hardly ever (if ever) connected with life-threatening disease. About 15-- 45% of infected persons spontaneously clear the virus within 6 months of infection with no treatment.
The remaining 60-- 80% of persons will get chronic HCV infection. Of those with chronic HCV infection, the risk of cirrhosis of the liver is between 15-- 30% within 20 years.
Your liver is your primary internal organ and your body's workhorse. Among its many jobs are converting food into fuel, processing fat from your blood, clearing harmful toxins, and making proteins that help your blood clot. This hard-working, supersized organ is susceptible to a dangerous and often hard-to-diagnose condition called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, or NAFLD.
Liver disease - Fatty Liver.
NAFLD is defined as the presence of fat in more than 5% of liver cells. It is the most common liver disease and affects up to 25% of American adults, 60% of whom are men.
The disease read more raises your risk of heart disease and left untreated, NAFLD also can result in an inflamed liver, a condition called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).
In fact, as many as 40% of people with NAFLD develop NASH. NASH can bring about scarring of the liver; severe scarring, called cirrhosis, increases your risk of liver website cancer.
A growing problem.
Consuming too much alcohol can cause fat buildup in the liver, NAFLD affects people who consume little or no alcohol.
Instead, the main cause is excess weight-- which causes extra fat to get stored in the liver-- and is associated with dyslipidemia (abnormally high LDL cholesterol levels, low HDL levels, or both), high blood more info pressure, and diabetes.
Fatty Liver & Obesity
As the number of overweight people has increased, so too has the prevalence of NAFLD. "Much of this can be attributed to a frequent diet of more processed foods and significant amounts of carbohydrates, as well as more sedentary lifestyles," says Dr. Kathleen Corey, director of the Fatty Liver Disease Clinic at Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital. However, she adds that some people with fatty livers have none of these risk issues, which suggests that genes can play a critical role.
Developing healthy eating habits isn't as perplexing or as restrictive as some people imagine. The vital steps are to eat mostly foods derived from plants-- vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes (beans, peas, lentils)-- and limit highly processed foods. Start on your healthy diet by following the links in this article.